To illustrate with New Zealand:
- in 1990, there were 520,00 overseas born people in New Zealand. The three top source countries were the UK, 230,000, Australia 50,000 followed by Samoa on 40,000. In that year, there were 390,000 Kiwis living abroad. The top three destination countries were Australia 300,000, the UK 40,000 and the US 20,000.
- In 2017, the number of overseas born people in New Zealand had increased to 1,070,000 people. The top three source countries were the UK, 270,000, China 100,000 and India/Australia each on 70,000. In that year, the number of Kiwis living abroad had increased to 830,000. The top three destination countries were Australia, 670,000, the UK 60,000 and the US 30,000.
Some of the types of questions that arise include:
- Are Canada, New Zealand and Australia in fact exceptional when it comes to the relative size of immigration? How do the three compare?
- What do the stats tell us about relative migration patterns in Europe and the UK?
- Which countries have the lowest immigration patterns measured by the number of foreign born?